Units in Civil Engineering

Different works are carried out in civil engineering sectors. All different works have different units; some work’s unit may be the same. Some of units used in civil engineering are:

Units in civil engineering

Sl. No. Particulars of items Units of measurement Unit of payment
1 Earthwork: Excavation, filling, cutting, banking m3 100 m3
2 Surface dressing m2 m2
3 Cutting of trees Number Per number
4 Stones: quarrying, blasting m3 m3
5 Concrete : PCC, RCC, Precast m3 m3
6 Jail works m2 m2
7 Damp proof course m2 m2
8 Brick work of any description m3 m3
9 Thin partition wall m2 m2
10 String course, drip course, water course coping etc m m
11 Stone work of any description m3 m3
12 Stone work in wall facing (thickness specified) m2 m2
13 Wood work: truss, rafter, beam etc m3 m3
14 Door, window shutters m2 m2
15 Door, window fittings Number Per number
16 Timbering, boarding, sawing of timber, timbering of trenches, partition, etc m2 m2
17 Steel work Quintal Per quintal
18 Expanded metal, fabric reinforcement, cutting angles, plates, tees cm2 cm2
19 Threading; welding; solder of sheets cm Per cm
20 Iron gate, grill collapsible gate, rolling shutter m2 m2
21 Iron railing m m
22 Roofing: tiled, corrugated iron, caves board (thickness specified) m2 m2
23 Centering, shuttering m2 m2
24 Ridges; valleys; gutters (girth given) m m
25 Expansion and contraction joints m m
26 Ceiling timber, A.C. sheet, board, etc m2 m2
27 Plastering; pointing; white washing; distempering; painting; varnishing; polishing; coal tarring; removing of paints m2 m2
28 Flooring of any kind m2 m2
29 Pipes, laying of pipes m m
30 Dismantling of brick masonry m3 m3
31 Grouting m2 m2
32 Grouting of cracks, joints m m
33 Supply of sand; brick ballast; aggregates; timber m3 m3
34 Supply of cement Bag Per bag
35 Supply of steel, G.I. sheet, bare electric line Quintal Per quintal
36 Supply of GI sheet m2 m2
37 Supply of sanitary items Number Per number
38 Supply of paint, varnishes Litre Per litre
39 Supply of explosives, stiff paint Kg Per kg

BASIC STANDARDS :

1 inch = 25.4 millimeters = 2.54cm.

1 meter = 39.37 inches =1.09 yards.

1 liter = 0.22 galls (imp.)

1 gallon (imp.) = 4.546 liters.

1 gallon (US) = 3.785 liters.

1 Kilogram (kg) = 2.2046 pounds (lb).


METRIC UNIT OF WEIGHT/MASS:

1 tonne = 1000 kilograms = 1,000,000 grams.

1 quintal = 100 kilograms = 100,000 grams.

1 Slug = 14.606 kg

1 Slug = 32.2 lb


MEASUREMENTS OF LENGTH:

1 foot = 12 inches.

1 yard = 3 feet.

1 furlong = 220 yards.

1 mile = 8 fulongs.

1 Kilometer (Km) = 1000 meters.

1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm).

1 cm = 10 millimeter (mm).


METRIC UNITS FOR LIQUID MEASUREMENTS:

1 liter = 1000ml.

1 liter = 1kg.

1 kiloliter (1000 liters) = 1 cubic meter/ 1 cu.m/ 1 m3.


CONVERSION FACTORS:

1 cu. ft. = 28.317 liters.

1 cu. ft. = 0.028 cu. meters.

1 cu. ft. = 6.24 galls (imperial).

1 cu. ft. = 7.48 galls (US).

1 imp. gall = 1.20 galls (US), liquid.

1 imp. gall = 1.03 galls (US), dry.


MEASUREMENTS OF AREA:

1 Acre = 43560 sq. ft

1 Acre = 4046.46 sq. m

1 Acre = 8 Kanals.

1 Kanal = 20 Marlas.

1 Marla = 225 sq. ft (* in some regions 272 sq. ft)

1 Marla = 15.50 sq.m

For the online unit conversion Click on the picture below

units in civil engineering

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