Units in Civil Engineering

Different works are carried out in civil engineering sectors. All different works have different units; some work’s unit may be the same. Some of units used in civil engineering are:

Units in civil engineering

Sl. No.Particulars of itemsUnits of measurementUnit of payment
1Earthwork: Excavation, filling, cutting, bankingm3100 m3
2Surface dressingm2m2
3Cutting of treesNumberPer number
4Stones: quarrying, blastingm3m3
5Concrete : PCC, RCC, Precastm3m3
6Jail worksm2m2
7Damp proof coursem2m2
8Brick work of any descriptionm3m3
9Thin partition wallm2m2
10String course, drip course, water course coping etcmm
11Stone work of any descriptionm3m3
12Stone work in wall facing (thickness specified)m2m2
13Wood work: truss, rafter, beam etcm3m3
14Door, window shuttersm2m2
15Door, window fittingsNumberPer number
16Timbering, boarding, sawing of timber, timbering of trenches, partition, etcm2m2
17Steel workQuintalPer quintal
18Expanded metal, fabric reinforcement, cutting angles, plates, teescm2cm2
19Threading; welding; solder of sheetscmPer cm
20Iron gate, grill collapsible gate, rolling shutterm2m2
21Iron railingmm
22Roofing: tiled, corrugated iron, caves board (thickness specified)m2m2
23Centering, shutteringm2m2
24Ridges; valleys; gutters (girth given)mm
25Expansion and contraction jointsmm
26Ceiling timber, A.C. sheet, board, etcm2m2
27Plastering; pointing; white washing; distempering; painting; varnishing; polishing; coal tarring; removing of paintsm2m2
28Flooring of any kindm2m2
29Pipes, laying of pipesmm
30Dismantling of brick masonrym3m3
31Groutingm2m2
32Grouting of cracks, jointsmm
33Supply of sand; brick ballast; aggregates; timberm3m3
34Supply of cementBagPer bag
35Supply of steel, G.I. sheet, bare electric lineQuintalPer quintal
36Supply of GI sheetm2m2
37Supply of sanitary itemsNumberPer number
38Supply of paint, varnishesLitrePer litre
39Supply of explosives, stiff paintKgPer kg

BASIC STANDARDS :

1 inch = 25.4 millimeters = 2.54cm.

1 meter = 39.37 inches =1.09 yards.

1 liter = 0.22 galls (imp.)

1 gallon (imp.) = 4.546 liters.

1 gallon (US) = 3.785 liters.

1 Kilogram (kg) = 2.2046 pounds (lb).


METRIC UNIT OF WEIGHT/MASS:

1 tonne = 1000 kilograms = 1,000,000 grams.

1 quintal = 100 kilograms = 100,000 grams.

1 Slug = 14.606 kg

1 Slug = 32.2 lb


MEASUREMENTS OF LENGTH:

1 foot = 12 inches.

1 yard = 3 feet.

1 furlong = 220 yards.

1 mile = 8 fulongs.

1 Kilometer (Km) = 1000 meters.

1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm).

1 cm = 10 millimeter (mm).


METRIC UNITS FOR LIQUID MEASUREMENTS:

1 liter = 1000ml.

1 liter = 1kg.

1 kiloliter (1000 liters) = 1 cubic meter/ 1 cu.m/ 1 m3.


CONVERSION FACTORS:

1 cu. ft. = 28.317 liters.

1 cu. ft. = 0.028 cu. meters.

1 cu. ft. = 6.24 galls (imperial).

1 cu. ft. = 7.48 galls (US).

1 imp. gall = 1.20 galls (US), liquid.

1 imp. gall = 1.03 galls (US), dry.


MEASUREMENTS OF AREA:

1 Acre = 43560 sq. ft

1 Acre = 4046.46 sq. m

1 Acre = 8 Kanals.

1 Kanal = 20 Marlas.

1 Marla = 225 sq. ft (* in some regions 272 sq. ft)

1 Marla = 15.50 sq.m

For the online unit conversion Click on the picture below

units in civil engineering

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