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Terms used in Building Drawing

#FOUNDATION:

      The portion of the building below the ground level which is in direct contact of the ground and used to transmits loads of the building to the ground.

#SUPERSTRUCTURE:

The portion of the building above the ground level or substructure.

#BASEMENT:

   It is the lower storey of a building which is partly below the ground level.

#PLINTH AND PLINTH LEVEL:

    The portion of the building between the ground and floor level in the superstructure is called plinth. Its height above the ground level is known as plinth level or plinth height is usually 450mm, 600-700mm from ground level.

#WALL:

      The thickness of the superstructure which carries the load of the roof, usually 200mm thickness.

#PARAPET:

       The wall constructed above the flat roof, which provides safety to the people, while they are on the top of the roof in a building and it adds a good appearance to a building. It is usually with 100 or 200mm in the thickness and height of 600mm.

#FLOORING:

            The horizontal surface at the plinth level in a building, it is usually prepared in 2 layers i.e RCC and floor finishes.

#SILL LEVEL:

  The horizontal bottom level of a window.

#PLINTH AREA:

The area covered by a building at the plinth level. It is obtained by measuring the outside dimension of building at the plinth level.

#FLOOR AREA:

      The area of the building, excluding the area, occupied the wall. It is obtained by deducting the area occupied by walls, from the plinth area. In building, the floor area will be 80% to 90% of the plinth area.

#CARPET AREA:

    The area of a building which is useful or livable. It is obtained by deducting the area occupied by a verandah, corridors, kitchen, toilet, bathrooms, etc from the floor area.

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