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Road Pattern

The process of expressing road in different patterns or shapes is called a road pattern. They are very essential to manage high traffic. The main aim of the road pattern is to connect every place/ building in a network form. Proper road patterning plays a vital role in saving a life in emergency condition like fire fighting, medical emergency conditions(like a heart attack), etc.

Road patterns can be classified into six types. They are:

Types of Road Pattern

1.Rectangular or Block Pattern

-In this pattern, the whole part is divided into rectangular blocks of the plot which intersects streets at right angles.

-The main road passing through the central area should be sufficiently wide and the branch road may be comparatively narrow.

– They are considered unsafe than other patterns because vehicles in opposite directions meet at an intersection.

– The aesthetic view is very beautiful and the geometry of this pattern is easy to understand.

 

 

2. Radial or Star Block Pattern

-In this pattern, the entire area is divided into a network of roads radiating from the central business area.

– The built-up area is planned with a rectangular block system.

– It is formed by the combination of the star( Radial) and block pattern.

3. Radial or Star & Circular Pattern

– In this system, the main radial roads radiating from the central business area are connected together with concentric roads.

– The built-up area is planned with a curve block system.

–  They are formed by the combination of star and circular pattern.

 

4. Radial or Star & Grid Patterns

– In this pattern, major radial roads radiate from the central business area.

–  They are a combination of star and grid patterns.

road pattern

– Radial roads are interconnected by concentric ring roads that surround the grid types of built-up area.

 

5. Hexagonal Road Pattern

-In this pattern, the entire area is provided with a network of roads forming a hexagonal figure.

-At each corner of hexagon, three roads are met.

road pattern

 

6. Minimum Travel Road Pattern

In this road pattern, the city is connected to sector centre, sub-urban centre & neighbourhood centre by the road which required minimum length to connect the city centre.

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