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Requirements of good building

1.1: Introduction

                 The construction and planning of a building should be aimed at fulfilling the following requirements:-

1)Strength and stability

2)Dimensional stability

3)Resistance to dampness

4)Resistance to fire

5)Heat insulation

6)Sound insulation

7)Protection against termite attack

8)Durability

9)Security against burglary

10)Lighting and ventilation

11)Comforts and convenience

12)Economy

1)Strength and stability

           The building must be capable of transferring the expected loads in its life period safely to the ground. Design of various structural components like slabs, beams, walls, columns, and footing should establish safety. None of the structural components should collapse, buckle and overturn.

2)Dimensional stability

       Excessive deformations of structural components give a sense of instability and result in cracks in walls, flooring, etc. All structural components should be so designed that deflection does not exceed the permissible values specified in the codes.

3)Resistance to  dampness

          Dampness in a building is a great problem and it may reduce the life of the building. Great care should be taken in the construction and in the planning of the building to avoid dampness.

4)Resistance to fire

           The basic requirements of structure for fire resistance are listed below:

a)The structure should not inflame easily.

b)The building should be orientated such that the spread of fire is slow. 

c))In case of fire, there should be a means of easy access to give up building quickly.

5)Heat insulation

         A building should be so design and oriented that it insulates interior from heat.

6)Sound insulation

         The building should be planned against outdoor and indoor noises.

7)Protection from termite

           The building should be protected from termites.

8)Durability

          Every component of the building should be durable.

9)Security against Burglary

          This is the basic need that the owner of the building expects.

10)Lighting and ventilation

              For happy and healthy living natural light and ventilation are required. Circulated light and good cross ventilation should be available inside the building.

11)Comforts and conveniences 

               Various units in the building should be properly integrated and grouped keeping in mind the comfort and convenience of the user.

12)Economy

            Economy without sacrificing comfort and convenience and durability is another basic requirement of the building.

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