Density of cement

Cement is a binding material used in the construction works. It is used as a binder in mortar and concrete. Density is the ratio of mass per unit volume(i.e. Density=mass/volume). There is a different value of density for different materials and the density of cement is 1440 kg/m3  (89.8 lb/ft3).  Density is an important factor to determine either mass or volume.

density of cement

  • Suppose, the volume of cement is 1 mand we have to determine the mass.

                                                            solution,

       Volume of cement = 1 m

      Density of cement = 1440 kg/m3

         Using formula,

       Mass (m) = volume * density

                            =  1440 kg

From above, we can conclude that in 1 cubic volume of cement; there is 1440 kg of cement. 

Similarly, the density of cement mortar is 2080Kg/m3  ( 129.8 lb/ft3

The value of density is found for materials, not quantities. So different materials have their own density. The density of 59 materials used in the construction are :

S.No.

Construction Materials

Density (Kg/m3)

Density (lb/ft3)https://civilnepal.org/low-cost-road/

1 WATER 1000 62.43
Wood (various types)
2 Balsa 170 10.6
3 Bamboo 300 – 400 18.7 – 25
4 Pine 370 – 530 23 – 33
5 Cedar 380 23.7
6 Aspen 420 26.2
7 Willow wood 420 26.2
8 African mahogany 495 – 850 31 – 53
9 Honduras mahogany 545 34
10 American red wood 450 28
11 European red wood 510 31.8
12 Spruce (Canadian) 450 28
13 Spruce (Sitka) 450 28
14 Afromosia 705 44
15 apple 660 – 830 41.2 – 51.8
16 Ash (black) 540 33.7
17 Ash (white) 670 41.8
18 Birch 670 41.8
19 Ebony 960 – 1120 59.9 – 69.9
20 Elm 600 – 815 37.4 – 50.8
21 Iroko 655 40.9
22 Larch 590 36.8
23 Maple 755 47.1
24 Oak 590 – 930 36.8 – 58
25 Teak 630 – 720 39.3 – 44.9
26 Sycamore 590 36.8
27 Lignam vitae 1280 – 1370 79.9 -85.5
28 Sandy soil 1800 112.3
29 Clay soil 1900 118.6
30 Gravel soil 2000 124.8
31 Sandstone 2000 124.8
32 Silt 2100 131
33 Chalk 2100 131
34 Shale 2500 156
35 Sedimentary rocks 2600 162.3
36 Metamorphic rocks 2700 168.5
37 Igneous rocks (felsic) 2700 168.5
38 Igneous rocks (mafic) 3000 187.2
39 Bricks 1500-1800 93.64 -112.3
40 Asphalt 721 45
41 Cement 1440 89.8
42 Cement mortar 2080 129.8
43 Lime 640 39.9
44 Lime mortar 1760 109.8
45 Concrete (P.C.C) 2400 149.8
46 Concrete (R.C.C) 2500 156
47 Steel 7850 490
48 Stainless steel 7480 – 8000 466.9 – 499.4
49 Aluminum 2739 170.9
50 Magnesium 1738 108.4
51 Cobalt 8746 545.9
52 Nickel 8908 556.1
53 Tin 7280 454.4
54 Lead 11340 707.9
55 Zinc 7135 445.4
56 Cast iron 7208 449.9
57 Copper 8940 558.1
58 Iron 7850 490
59 Glass 2580 161

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